|dc.description.abstract||Multi- and interdisciplinary research, processes of synthesizing new questions and
paradigms between two or more fields, are particularly sensitive to inept peer reviewing. This is
primarily because: a) such science is difficult to evaluate because it is new; b) evaluation of the
results is difficult; c) the grant system favors those who write well; and d) scientists and the
public believe that funding should depend upon principle of equal access for equal merit.
In reviewing multidisciplinary projects, reviewers must assess each investigator's skill in his/
her particular area, as well as determine that the project head has adequate administrative ability.
In reviewing interdisciplinary research, each investigator must be evaluated for secondary
competence in the other field(s) as well as in his/her primary field. Moreover, reviewers should
also possess appropriate secondary competences. Review of interdisciplinary research must, in
addition, take into account methodology of the proposal, clarity of ideas expressed, and
closeness of the two (or more) fields. Reviewers of multi- and interdisciplinary research play
critical roles in the progress of science and must possess well-educated intuition, flexibility, and
sensitivity to their simultaneous responsibilities as guardians of competence and innovation.||